By Alex Boston
- Bus Electrification is a smart investment in cutting carbon, air pollution and transit fare increases.
- TransLink must move beyond technical fixes to cost effectively cut regional carbon and congestion.
Bus electrification is technical fix with high up-front costs that will cut carbon, dirty diesel air pollution and eventually total lifecycle costs of buses over the long haul, easing upwards pressure on transit fares.
Bus electrification is a good investment, and senior governments should collaborate with TransLink to finance this critical climate action endorsed by TransLink’s Mayors’ Council.
As sales volumes grow, most industry experts project battery electric bus costs will drop more rapidly than TransLink’s conservatively-wise estimates. As fuel costs are dramatically lower, it is expected that by the mid to late 2020s, the full life cycle cost of battery electric buses will be lower than traditional buses.
Transit buses are one of the most strategic and significant heavy-duty sectors to rapidly decarbonize with battery electric drive trains on urban routes and renewable natural gas CNG buses on more suburban and highway routes that are too costly for the necessarily massive batteries. The heavy use of transit buses have a better return on investment than school buses and most commercial buses. And there are only a small handful of players managing the entire stock. In B.C., simply two: TransLink and BC Transit.
TransLink Must Shift Gaze Beyond Technical Fixes to Reduce Regional Carbon and Congestion
TransLink and the Mayors’ Council now have to shift their gaze beyond technical fixes to cut carbon and congestion across the region. The region’s bus fleet is just 2.5% of steadily rising passenger transportation emissions. TransLink’s bus fleet generates just one hundred thousand tonnes of carbon dioxide. Passenger vehicles generate four million tonnes of carbon pollution, rising almost in lock step with congestion and car ownership as high cost transportation infrastructure projects fail to effectively integrate land use.
TransLink and Mayors’ Council Must Strengthen Transit and Land Use Integration
Last month TransLink and the Mayor’s Council approved in principle the $3.1 billion Surrey Langley SkyTrain project – almost seven times the cost of bus electrification. TransLink estimates the project will cut a mere 17,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions annually. This is under one half of one percent (0.4%) of the region’s four million tonnes of personal transportation GHGs. This is the equivalent of a rounding error but could in fact be an overestimate as TransLink omitted any consideration of land use dynamics and the project fails to take measures to reduce sprawl outside Surrey’s transit corridors. Growth outside of transit corridors South of the Fraser is the region’s biggest driver of congestion and carbon and the project could, in fact, accelerate rather than slow growth. TransLink’s claim that the project will cut greenhouse gas emissions, congestion and sprawl is not defensible and undermines the transit authority’s credibility.
In its current form, the project is fundamentally at odds with Metro Vancouver’s commitment to cut GHGs 40-60% by 2030 and be zero carbon by 2050.
SkyTrain revenue and ridership is strongly associated with people and jobs close to stations. Surrey Langley SkyTrain—with currently incompatible land use plans—will not generate the revenue to pay for SkyTrain’s operational costs, putting upwards pressure on transit fares and downwards pressure on service expansion. $20 to $40 million dollar stations are being sited in urban forests, open fields and lightly populated neighbourhoods.
In contrast to bus electrification, senior governments should not support Surrey Langley SkyTrain. Transit investment by B.C. and Canada is currently touted as a climate action investment. As planned, this project is not an investment. It is a liability. Further planning is required to ensure it effectively cuts greenhouse gas emissions, congestion and sprawl, and eliminates the risk of transit fare increases and curtailing service expansion.
Surrey Langley SkyTrain is the greatest opportunity for establishing Surrey City Centre as the region’s second major business district and driving an about face on congestion and carbon growth in Surrey and strengthening local and regional prosperity. Current plans do not support these outcomes.
TransLink Bus Electrification and Surrey Langley SkyTrain Investment Comparisons
$3.1 billion in transit infrastructure could get the region:
- 4,000 electric buses with chargers, almost trebling the current bus fleet
- Lower operational costs due to lower fuel costs
- Massive cuts to carbon, congestion and commute time South of Fraser and across the region
- Massive increase in service South of Fraser and across the region (minimally doubling bus service)
- 55 SkyTrain cars running through forests, fields and lightly populated neighbourhoods from Surrey City Centre to Langley City
- Potential increase in carbon and congestion
- Upwards pressure on transit fares and downwards pressure on service expansion
To serve South of Fraser residents and businesses and the entire region Surrey Langley SkyTrain requires better land use in and outside its transit corridors.
Alex Boston is Executive Director of Renewable Cities and a Fellow at Simon Fraser University’s Morris J. Wosk Centre for Dialogue. Alex peer reviewed TransLink’s Low Carbon Fleet Strategy, led the City of Surrey’s award-winning climate action strategy and has served multiple local governments across Greater Vancouver.